family life
social institutions

culture and customs
food security
justice and crime
social relationships
spiritual beliefs
traditional skills

introducing the area


 quotes about gender
 key testimonies featuring gender

women in EthiopiaGender relations seem to have generally changed for the better. Several narrators refer to women now having an equal status with men and no longer being expected to perform tasks such as washing their husbands' feet, although the practice remains in some households. Women are also no longer confined solely to the domestic sphere; technological improvements have reduced their work burden somewhat and they are now more able to take part in meetings and contribute to development activities. However, it is noticeable that it is the male narrators who are inclined to talk in sweeping terms of there now being complete equality between the sexes, as if nothing further remains to be achieved in this sphere. It is clear that conventional attitudes, even among the younger narrators, have by no means disappeared: whereas some are strong advocates of education for both sexes, others are anxious about letting their daughters go to schools outside the local community in case they make independent choices of marriage partner or have sexual relations and become pregnant.

quotes about gender

woman using pestle and mortar"In the old days we [women] were limited to the kitchen and never dared to leave the house. We spent the whole day grinding grain and doing other house chores. When our husbands came home they demanded that we wash their feet regardless of whether we were busy. We women were oppressed then. With the Derg (military regime 1974-89) came literacy schools, and a few women who got education left the place to find a job. The rest of us were envious of them and began to attend school. Our men too wanted to be educated. They didn't want to be left behind their women and to sign with their thumbs. In the past the women's burden at home was great. Now education has made life better for mothers and children and I am happy for this even though I have no children."
Azenu, F/45, farmer/female head of household, Ethiopia 11

"In the old days women used to be regarded as equal to men because they fought against foreign invaders together with the men. Some men regard women as inferior to men both physically and mentally, but now the women have proved themselves to be equally productive in work and as educated as men. Women have now shown a rapid progress as they have benefited from science and modern education. They can support themselves and their country and they can make contributions within and outside their households."
Muliye, M/37, farmer, Ethiopia 15

"Currently the men are being oppressed. There are more women now and the men are suffering."
Mekonen, M/72, priest, Ethiopia 16

key testimonies featuring gender

  No.   Name   Sex/Age   Occupation   Location  
Summary Transcript   1   Ayichesh   female/28   head of household   Gala Dejen (highlands)  
Summary Transcript   10   Hamza   male/28   farmer   Gumar  
Summary Transcript   11   Azenu   female/45   farmer/ female head of household   Meqerqeriat (lowlands)  
Summary Transcript   15   Muliye   male/37   farmer   (midlands)  
Summary Transcript   16   Mekonen   male/72   priest   Ganchire Gebriel  
Summary Transcript   17   Melku   male/67   priest   Guranboba Monastery (highlands)  
Summary Transcript   2   Negussie   female/45   market trader   Filaqit, Woina Dega (midlands)  
Summary Transcript   20   Melese   male/45   farmer   Denkena,Wodih Mado Mar Feriche (highlands)  
Summary Transcript   21   Mario   male/40   farmer   Filaqit town (midlands)  
Summary Transcript   3   Lemlem   female/67   farmer/ nun   Woina Dega (midlands)  
Summary Transcript   7   Belay   male/41   blacksmith/farmer   Doba Giorgis (highlands)  
Summary Transcript   8   Yekaba   female/25   farmer/female head of household   Gala Dejen (highlands)  
Summary Transcript   9   Haji Zekiy   male/57   Qadi (Muslim religious leader)   Tcherqos village (highlands)