photo of person from Lesotho the maluti mountains

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Section 1  Name and birthplace (Ha Tsapane) Maetsisa named by ancestors after the rivulet
Section 2  Changes in agriculture – now plant in rows, describes current process of cultivating maize In past used to go elsewhere to buy crops now people from other villages come to them and this place is now independent in agricultural terms
Section 3  Most people plough and use a mould board, rather than have a cultivator He ploughs, in lihalefote - sharecropping
Section 4-5  He also plants vegetables and has some horses and donkeys (horse for riding, donkey for loading)
Section 5-6  Agriculture is the thing he likes most about this place. it is their economy: ‘I really love it very much because it is the place where I have lived for a long time, but agriculture is the first thing.’ Surrounding villages do plough but also buy crops from here because they grow better here due to the better soil etc. here.
Section 6-7  Changes in children’s behaviour - not respecting elders: ‘You will see him as somebody who does not care about whatever you are saying, which means it is something which indicates that he is not interested in listening to an elder person when they reprimand him, being it his parent or somebody else, he does not listen.’ ‘It is another thing which has changed the condition of personality from the personality we used to have.’
Section 7-8  Brief description of his seven children: four still at school, three working
Section 8  Feasts and joint work/assistance ‘Societies’ (for burial) and example of women in a society saving collectively for Christmas.
Section 9  ho hata maoto - when someone dies, people will go together and work on that person’s field and then everyone eats food cooked by the “owner of the feast”.
Section 10  Initiation and what he feels will happen if someone is not initiated (the response of the Gods) Insight into his theology: ‘The gods are useful in the lives of people because they are people who maybe we can say they know, they have power over the lives of people who are still living although they themselves have died.’
Section 11  He does not consider this to be a troublesome village The role of the chief in the village helping to resolve conflicts between people: ‘If you realise you do not agree then you will go to the chief, “Hey, chief, it looks like we do not see eye to eye with so and so for such and such reasons. Now can you bring us together.”’